Casino Parties for Private Parties

You’ve probably seen that most online casinos advertisements usually offer some sort of bonus or FREE money to get you to start playing there. Like most things in the world, nothing really comes free, so before you start claiming this free money and then getting upset that you’ve been scammed, I suggest you keep reading and see how this all works.

First of all, you may ask; why do online casinos even offer this “free” money?

It’s part of their marketing and differentiation strategy. In a nutshell, online casinos are generally “skins” of a specific software provider, so actually behind the different owner, graphics, licensing etc under the bonnet there’s not much difference between let’s say all Playtech powered casinos, or all Microgaming powered ones.

So, if they are mostly the same below the hood, there needs to be some sort of difference which will convince you to play at “X” online casino and not “Y”. Besides the graphics, licensing, support and reputation, another way to pitch to potential players is by giving them something, in this case, a bonus.

Having put that out of the way, the next question you might ask yourself is: OK, so Casino X is offering $5,000 free, maybe I’ll sign up, take my $5,000, play them out and go on to Casino Y.

The answer here is pretty simple as well. In order to claim bonuses at at an online casino, you will usually need to make a deposit, unless it’s specifically stated that you don’t, but we’ll get to that later.

Before we sink into the beef of the different types of bonuses offered at online casinos, here are a few extra terms and points you should be aware of, so you can clarify them with a support representative before claiming a bonus, just so you know where you stand and what you’re claiming.

  1. Wagering requirements: Most bonuses have wagering or playthrough requirements, meaning that you need to play a certain amount before you can withdraw winning from your account. On average wagering requirements are usually between 15 to 40 times, however pay attention to what you are required to wager. In some cases it will be just the bonus times X and in others you will need to wager the bonus + your deposit amount X times. The latter by the way is more common.

Another tidbit you should pay attention to with regards to wagering requirements is, that at most online casinos, if you request a withdrawal before you have completed the wagering requirements, all your winnings to date will be void. Not really fair, but this is reality.

  1. Games played: Make sure you read the T&Cs in this case. Because slots games are generally the most profitable games for online casinos, many bonuses tend to be valid only for slots games. Usually scratch cards and keno will comply with this rule.

In other cases, you will be allowed to play your bonus on all games; however not all games will count 100% towards the playthrough requirements. For example play on slots will count 100% but roulette will only count 30%, meaning that you will actually need to wager over three times more in order to clear the wagering requirements and withdraw your winnings.

  1. Minimum deposit requirement: In most cases, in order to claim a bonus you will be required to make a minimum deposit, which again can vary. It’s generally a small amount which you will probably deposit anyway. It’s usually not over $50.

Now that we’re all on the same page and speaking the same language, it’s time we went through the main types of bonuses available at most online casinos.

  1. A Match bonus is the most common type of bonus. For every $ you deposit, you will be credited X% of what you deposited by the casino. So, if, for example, casino Z is offering a 100% match bonus, deposit $100 and the casino will give you an extra $100 in bonus money. This means that actually start playing at the casino with $200. Match bonuses are almost always limited to a certain maximum bonus amount you can claim. A match bonus can be a standalone bonus as part of a promotion (more common at US friendly online casinos) and/or as part of the welcome bonus
  2. A welcome bonus is generally offered by most, if not all, online casinos to new players who sign up and make their first deposit at the casino. The welcome bonus is the sum of all the possible match bonuses you can accumulate as a new player at the casino over a specific period of time, or within your first X deposits, or a mix of the two; so if a casino advertises a $3000 welcome bonus, it’s actually the maximum you can get with the 1st deposit bonus, second deposit bonus, monthly bonus etc, where if you deposit the maximum amount of each match bonus, you can reach the advertised welcome bonus. If you deposit less than needed for the maximum bonus in each stage, you won’t reach the amount advertised in the welcome bonus. So, in fact, the welcome bonus advertised is the MAXIMIUM amount you can claim in bonus money during your first period of playing at the casino. 안전놀이터
  3. A No deposit bonus is pretty self-explanatory. It’s a bonus you receive from an online casino which will enable you to play real money games without having to make a deposit. This is a great tool for online casinos to acquire new players as it lets them try out the casino without having to make a deposit. In some countries it helps solve the “trust” issue casino players have with online casinos. Many players who feel comfortable depositing and playing at one online casino will be wary when trying out another one they’ve never played at. Other players don’t want to make a deposit without trying out the software and games so a no deposit bonus can definitely help here. Some online casinos give no deposit bonuses as part of their standard offering and others steer well away from such bonuses as they claim that they tend to attract the wrong type of players, i.e. players who have no intention of playing for real money in the first place and that it just puts a strain on the support team with no actual outcome. I think that the truth is probably somewhere in the middle and that people claim no deposit bonuses for different reasons.

No deposit bonuses are generally for a pretty small amount, usually $10-$15 and they are either offered to potential clients directly by the casino or by websites affiliated with them. No deposit bonuses also have wagering requirements you need to complete before you are able to withdraw your winnings if you’ve been lucky.

  1. Sticky/Play only bonuses are bonuses which you cannot withdraw from your account. If you get lucky and win and request a withdrawal, the bonus amount you received will be deducted off your winnings. Let’s say you claimed a $50 sticky bonus and got lucky bringing your account balance to $500. Now you would like to withdraw your winnings and go celebrate with friends. The online casino will only allow you to withdraw $550 from your players account and $50, which is the sticky bonus amount, will be void. Play only bonuses are usually larger than match bonuses and the wagering requirements lower.

 

Buying a Vivo V17 Mobile Online

 

The Vivo V17 is a mid-range smartphone with a punch-hole display on the front. Its rectangular vertical camera module adds to the overall design. The device has four cameras, but there is no noticeable notch on the back panel. The phone’s battery life is excellent, and it supports fast charging. But the notch isn’t its only drawback. Other phones with a notch, like the Xiaomi Redmi Note 7 Pro, are too bulky. vivo v17 pro

For taking great pictures and videos, the Vivo V17’s camera has several advanced features. The device offers a dedicated night mode that combines multiple images to produce a clear and clean final image. This helps to reduce red eye, improve colour contrast, and sharpness of images. And the front camera is equally impressive with a whopping 32 MP resolution. Here are some of its other features. Its camera will leave you speechless.

The Vivo V17 has a 6.44-inch Super AMOLED display with a 20:9 aspect ratio. Its display is vibrant and offers punchy colours. There is a 3.5mm headphone jack and an in-display fingerprint sensor. The phone also has a face unlock option. The display’s overall quality is excellent. If you are looking for an impressive screen, the Vivo V17 is worth a look.

The Vivo V17 offers decent hardware and excellent cameras. It isn’t a flagship, but it has a good enough battery life to handle everyday use. There are few cons, and the overall package is a solid one. If you’re looking for a budget smartphone with decent hardware and good cameras, the Vivo V17 is probably not the right choice for you. The Vivo V17 offers good battery life and a punch-hole display.

The Vivo V17 comes with a 6.44-inch display that has a resolution of 2400 x 1080 pixels. It also features a 32MP selfie camera. The phone also features a 48MP rear camera with a dedicated macro lens. There is also a gyroscope and proximity sensors on the front, and the phone packs an 8GB internal memory. It runs Android Pie and is also compatible with microSD cards.

The front camera is the flagship feature of the Vivo V17, but it also has a punch-hole for a rear camera. While most phones have one, the Vivo V17 has two. One is an 8MP wide-angle lens, while the other is a 2MP sensor for macro and bokeh effects. The selfie camera is located in the smallest punch-hole ever seen. Its f/2.45 aperture is another major plus.

The rear camera is a little disappointing. Although the phone’s camera module is placed on a rectangular island, the lens is surrounded by a polycarbonate film. This material attracts grime, so even a tiniest amount of grime will amplify. But on the positive side, the back camera is positioned in a housing that’s protruding slightly. This makes the phone uncomfortable to rest on a flat surface.

Compulsive Gamblers Offered Help on Gambling Sites?

The online casino sector is getting bigger by the day. Some online casino sites provide their patrons with the same glitz and glamor that they can enjoy in the traditional land-based casinos of Las Vegas. These online casinos provide you with a perfect alternative for experiencing the thrill and excitement of gambling right inside your own home. So if you cannot afford to take the time out of your busy schedule to visit a land-based casino, get yourself a computer and a high-speed internet connection, and you are set to make real big money by playing in online casinos.

The vast range of online casino games offered by these online casinos are varied in number. Take your pick from a variety of online casino games, be it blackjack, roulette, poker or the very popular slot machine games. Before depositing money with any online casino site, make sure that the online casino site is safe and reputable. Since the online casino sites fall under the purview of off-shore gambling, you could end up dealing with a fraudulent company if you do not practice caution. If you are a new player who is willing to start off on this journey that will bring you a lot of money, there are a few things that you have got to keep in mind. These tips will serve you well.

The online casino experience is a little different from playing in a land-based casino. Upon entering a traditional casino, there is a lot of noise and confusion, with people everywhere distracting your play. While playing on an online casino, you can bid goodbye to all the chaos. You have only your game to think of, so you can concentrate better. Place your bets using mathematical calculations and common sense, rather than getting carried away by the heavy betting by others. You are the best judge of how much you will bet; let that be the only criteria of a bet. Do not get influenced by the betting of other people, if more people are playing the game with you online. betflix

Online casinos provide you with instructions about the various bonuses that are on offer. It could be a sign-up bonus, which enables you to start playing online casino after you have met the deposit requirements. It could be cashable bonuses which can be encashed along with your winning money. It can be the opposite as well, called ‘sticky bonuses’. These cannot be encashed; it is deducted from your winning amount. Be sure to read and follow all bonus requirements. Some have restrictions for game type, requires a minimum number of plays, or may have a maximum payout. Not reading and following the requirements may cost you some or all of your winnings.

Online casinos also provide you with ‘Help’ materials which will help you understand the game and master the tactics. They also provide you with ‘hand history’ so that you can follow the changing patterns of an online casino game. The buttons on the online casino site are easy to understand and user-friendly. The names of the buttons speak for their own functions to keep you from getting confused during the course of a game. The stakes are high and nobody likes to risk anything that might make the odds tougher.

With these basic online casino tips in mind, you can rule the world of online casino. Just play as the situation demands and before you can count the time that you have spent on an online casino site, you would be rolling in real big money. So start off on your treasure-hunt!

How to Choose a Good Casino For Roulette

Gamblers may like to gamble with their money, but they certainly get nervous when it involves a web transaction for money exchange. Internet is the wild west of the modern era and developing at a fast pace, leaving in its way a number of loop holes when it comes to financial transactions. Needless to say, not only online gamblers but all citizens are highly nervous when it comes to money exchange over the internet. Online casinos based in the UK are mostly secure for money transactions because otherwise they are the ones who suffer the major losses. Besides this the extreme competition of the market can certainly make the casinos provide the best gambling experiences to gain more players. sm카지노

Due to the self-regulating aspect of the internet, the providence of secure and safe online gambling experience has evolved from a user demand into a full blown necessity. On the internet, one has access to a lot of reviews as well as articles which provide information and differentiate between which websites are secure and which are not. This criticism is highly valued as it keeps the online casinos on their feet to get good reviews and gain more customers. This is the main reason why so many casinos keep upgrading their security systems.

It is highly advised to take out some time to first go through these reviews and then determine which site you can trust to put or transfer your money through internet. Likewise, you should first transfer a very small amount through the internet to get an idea of the service you are choosing.

This is Zulfiqar Dodhia from ImpressiveCasino.com and today my writing article is about Online Casinos – Choosing the Most Secure One: Gamblers may like to gamble with their money, but they certainly get nervous when it involves a web transaction for money exchange. Impressive Casino [http://www.impressivecasino.com/] is one of the most excellent online casino channel as well as providing information about peak online casinos. Following below is the top online casino provided by Impressive Casino. Please, make a trip to Impressive Casino – Online Casino Guide plus we’re happy to say that our casino company is one of the top in the casino industry.

 

Some Dishonest Tactics of Rogue Online Casinos

Do you want to experience the style of casinos in Las Vegas? Then check out this review on Captain Cooks online casino – a site that presents you with an online casino bonus of $500 free for all beginners. There are over 347 casino games accessible through this site. Captain Cooks casino basically provides you with an opportunity to experience the style and environment of casinos currently present in Las Vegas. This is their theme – and the games come with realistic graphics and other special effects in order to attract new casino players.

There is an increasing trend of people playing online casino games, but they tend to hesitate about the safety of sites that offer casino games. Captain Cooks casino provides a safe and an entertaining platform which is actually very close to the feel of land based casino gaming. Apart from that, this casino also ensures that there is something for everyone through its extensive gambling opportunities. Yes, the site provides you with the casino games – but also with some helpful tips that will help you win the bets in roulette, blackjack and slots to name a few. Players can contact any of the members in the support staff through telephone and online chats. The staff is always ready to help and guide its clients in every aspect. เว็บตรงสล็อต

Naturally, players are always looking for gambling venues that offer them the best payout bonuses. The average payout rate that Captain Cooks casino offers is over 97%, which exactly shows why a smarter player would be choosing this site. The site is also available in different languages to assist players throughout the world.

Captain Cooks casino make sure that they are not lagging behind and are always up-to-date with the new technology related to their casino software. The services that they are providing are said to be trustful and reliable which increases the comfort level of the players. They are always giving out promotions and exciting offers to keep their clients content.

Moreover, Captain Cooks casino is a member of the Interactive Gaming Council which means it guarantees just and honest gaming. Interactive Gaming Council is a non-profit organization that has the right to raise voice over the collective online gaming industry – and the council provide its services only to the reputable casino sites in the market. It addresses regulatory and legislative challenges as well as opportunities and makes sure that gaming is fair and honest.

One major concern for all players regarding online casinos is indeed the safety issue. Captain Cooks casino shows its commitment to privacy of all personal details as well as online transactions. The staff claims that they are always checking their casino software in order to detect any problem or error – and they can be contacted 24/7 for the details and any kind of assistance.

All in all, Captain Cooks casino is a solid and trusted online casino with high safety standards. Combined with intriguing gameplay and fancy graphics, even the most seasoned gambler will be pleased here.

 

Monopoly Slots Online

VIPSlots is a new online casino offering numerous tournaments throughout the year. At their web site you can see the tournament schedules; there are tournaments that are special for that month as well as daily and weekly tournaments.

VIPSlots offers $777 Free on your first three deposits and offers more than 180 games with 8 deposit options. They also offer other bonuses as well as weekly promotions so make sure to read carefully to ensure that you understand what you are getting. They also offer a loyalty/rewards program of varying levels.

Downloading the VIP Slots was very easy. It did not start upon download so I had to click the desktop icon and it took a very long time to start up. Once downloaded and installed it was a very nice treat with good graphics and a pretty intuitive user interface. It is easy to get from game to game. 娛樂城

Contrary to its name, VIPSlots also offers table games as well as the multitude of slots games. In addition to the tournaments, VIP Slots offers over 60 Slots Games (of course), Table Games, Video Poker, Specialty Games, Progressive Games and Featured Games, a total of over 100 games all together. The first time you play a particular game it must be downloaded so if you want to play them all, be prepared to wait a little while depending on your network speed.

I went right away to BlackJack, my best and favorite game. The game was pretty much like the other blackjack games I have played. I did win, so that is always a plus. In returning to the lobby, the progressive jackpot is displayed and continuously updated. Slots tournaments also popup to alert the user of current tournaments, which I thought was a very nice feature.

The Help screens are easy to read and can be printed if you prefer reading a paper copy or want to keep for reference. They explain the point of the game and how to play it, but they do not unfortunately explain how to make that particular screen work. I guess that is OK for the experienced casino gambler but newbies will have a hard time figuring out some of them. Good news is that VIPSlots offers 24/7 help via phone or live chat, in addition to email support. The on line chat help can be accessed from the top of the game screen.

I tried Keno next and had a lot better luck with that game; it was more intuitive than some of the others. I found that game to be a lot of fun. I always won at least $1.00 and it was quite fun to watch as the balls rolled out. Graphics were very nice in this game and speed was just right. Of course I had to have a look at some of the slots too, so I played the Atomic Jackpot which is very nice, easy to play and I won some money on this game as well. I also tried a few other slots and found them very entertaining; I won enough times to keep me in the game.

The VIP Players club is one of the best player loyalty programs around with a range of six levels all offering higher and higher rewards. Between the weekly bonuses, players rewards, tournaments and monthly cash rebates VIP Slots is definitely a must visit. The summary of my VIPSlots Review is that over all I did make money and I had a lot of fun. It is definitely worth a look.

 

Free Bonus Slots on Offer For Casino Lovers

Red Flush is a brand new online casino that makes a striking first impression with its crisp, no-nonsense interface, user-friendly site and none of the senseless, flashing marketing hype that sometimes makes an online casino seem off-putting.

Licensed by the Kahnawake Gaming Commission, Red Flush Casino accepts players from around the world and offers its software in English, Spanish, Italian, French and German. This online casino is powered by Microgaming and therefore offers a gaming experience that is as smooth as they come.

Software and Games
There are literally hundreds of games to choose from at Red Flush Casino, offering players one of the largest selections on the internet. There is an impressive selection of blackjack choices at the site, in addition to other favorite card and table games. Red Flush Casino boasts that there are more video poker variations on its site than at Vegas, and the range is certainly impressive.

There are so many slots options at Red Flush Casino – over 150 of them! – that players will never, ever get bored at this site. Anything – from classic three reel slots to the latest video slots with amazing bonus rounds – is found at Red Flush Casino.

For extra big wins, players can try their luck at the 21 Microgaming progressive jackpot games that offer some of the biggest prizes available in the industry.

As a Microgaming-powered site, it can only be expected that the software at Red Flush is superb, with crisp, realistic graphics, awesome sound features and other unique offerings to make gambling pure pleasure.

Bonuses and Promotions
Red Flush Casino offers first time players a generous match bonus that certainly makes it worth their while to open an account here. In addition, as a new site, the casino goes out of its way to offer unique bonuses not found at any other online casino. For example, the site will reward handsomely any new player who has ever won a significant progressive jackpot at any other site in the industry.

Players start to earn Red Rewards from their first bet and automatically become members of the Red Flush Casino Loyalty Club when they fund their online casino accounts. Comp points are exchangeable for casino credits and players can move up the four-tiered club to benefit from serious rewards!

Payment and Payouts
As an online casino with an international flair, Red Flush Casino accepts payment in a variety of different currencies, including Euros, US Dollars, British Pounds and more.

The casino accepts credit cards, as well as a host of alternative payment methods so that players should find banking at Red Flush both convenient and hassle-free. Winnings can be withdrawn in a similarly simple manner.

Security
Red Flush Casino uses the latest security to ensure that their players’ personal and financial information is always well guarded. 128-bit encryption means that all data is secure whenever it is transferred over the internet. https://www.sawan888.net/

The site’s Random Number Generator is independently reviewed for fairness and the results are posted regularly on the site. This transparency policy is very important for players to see that they that getting the safest and fairest gambling environment possible.

Support
Red Flush casino has put customer support at the top of the list of its priorities and this fact certainly shines through by the service it offers its players.

Support is available by toll free phone from a large number of destinations in the world, including the United States, Germany, Italy, France and Australia.

For those who are after live support, this is available through the live chat feature at the site, where friendly and knowledgeable staff are waiting around the clock to assist players.

Naturally, 24/7 email support is also available at Red Flush.

Red Flush Casino
Red Flush Casino has swept onto the market and is doing everything in its power to get players to try out its excellent products. This site has practically all that players could desire in a good online casino – winning software, good customer support, easy payment methods and a wide range of games. When all is said and done, Red Flush Casino seems to have hit on a winning combination that is sure to attract players from around the globe.

This information was accurate when it was written but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all information directly with the casino.

All You Need To Know About Online Casinos Payouts

There are many benefits of casino bonuses, both to the player and to the casino itself.

Benefits to the Casino of Casino Bonuses

With the advent of the Internet and its increasing popularity, online gambling became a reality. Online gamblers no longer need to visit brick and mortar casinos in order to enjoy a casino game. As security measures become stronger and technology improves, online casinos are becoming even more wide-spread. Due to the large number of online casinos that are now available, the casinos need to find ways to attract new players to their sites and to encourage existing customers to stay with them.

Casino bonuses and promotions are the most popular method for casinos to attract customers. These come in many varieties and sizes. Online casinos can afford to offer large bonuses to their players as they have much lower overheads than land-based casinos. They do not need physical property, they require fewer staff, their equipment is software and their marketing costs are lower. This means that they can offer players free money, merchandise or tournament tickets as incentives to play at their site. Their intent is that once players have begun to play at their site, they will remain there and the casinos will make back all of the money they invested into the player and more.

Benefits to the Player of Casino Bonuses slot hydro88

The fact that there are so many online casinos available today makes choosing a casino to play at, a difficult decision. Reputable casinos will offer many of the same features and functions. It may be difficult to choose between them if you are looking at their software, games, customer service, banking facilities and other features. One way that casinos may stand out from one another is through the bonuses and promotions that they offer to their players.

You should never settle for an online casino that does not offer a large welcome bonus with reasonable wagering requirements. Welcome bonuses are fairly standard these days and an online casino that does not offer a significant bonus, is often not worth spending time at. In addition to the welcome bonus, a top casino should offer other bonuses, such as reload bonuses, refer-a-friend bonuses, preferred payment method bonuses, weekly and monthly bonuses and more.

Online casino bonuses, if used wisely, are an excellent way to increase your bankroll. Some bonuses can be used to trial the casino software and games without having to risk any of your own money. These bonuses are called no deposit bonuses as they are paid into a new customer’s account without a deposit having had to have been made. It is a good idea to make use of these bonuses in order to trial the casino. Other casino bonuses that you are awarded can be used to boost your bankroll in order to help you to play for longer or to play better.

Make sure you are aware of the wagering requirements of a bonus before you accept it as you may find that the requirements are so limited that you will in fact end up spending more money if you accept it.

What Are the Advantages of Playing at Online Casinos?

The Casino Environment

Before the recent economic downturn, commercial casinos collected at least $30 billion in revenues each year from 2005 through 2008.1 During this period, US casino owners built new facilities and expanded the size of their existing facilities. As a result of the economic downturn, new US commercial casino construction has come to a screeching halt and casino operators are now focused on existing facility cost reduction.

The Section 179(D) Tax Provisions

Increasingly, casino operators are taking advantage of the EPAct IRC section 179(D) commercial building energy efficiency tax provisions, which have been extended through 2013. EPAct tax deductions are available for qualifying energy reductions in lighting, HVAC(heating, ventilation, and air conditioning), and building envelope. (Building envelope consists of the building’s foundation, walls, roof, windows, and doors, all of which control the flow of energy between the interior and exterior of the building.)

The Nature of Casino Properties

Commercial casinos often encompass hotel resorts, which offer attractive packages of services for their corporate and family customers. Casinos are particularly suited to EPAct because of their large gaming floors, hotel occupancy rooms, meeting halls, and parking garages. Each of these features typically consumes large square footage and the EPAct benefit has a potential for up to 60 cents per square foot for each of the three measures described above. Some of the smallest commercial casinos are about 50,000 square feet while most American casinos are typically over 100,000 square feet. One of the largest ones, MGM Grand on the Las Vegas strip is almost 2 million square feet. Hotels themselves are the most favored of Section 179 building category. (See “Hotels and Motels Most Favored Energy Policy Act Tax Properties”)

It is common to think of commercial casinos as located in two states Nevada and New Jersey. While it is true that these two states have the largest commercial casino revenues, there are 12 states with commercial casinos in the United States, the other commercial casino states are: Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Pennsylvania, and South Dakota. Members of the American Gaming Association have publicized some of their commitments to energy reduction. Reporting casinos include Boyd Gaming Corporation, Harrah’s Entertainment, Inc., and MGM Mirage. They have projects which include significant energy savings via cogeneration, ERV(energy recovery ventilation), more efficient HVAC units, replacing incandescent lights with energy efficient lightings, windows with energy efficient day lighting systems, solar thermal storage and numerous other energy saving initiatives.

The underlying rule set to qualify for the Section 179D lighting tax deduction makes casinos and particularly casino hotels the most favored property category for the tax incentive. The rule set requires at least a 25% watts-per-square foot reduction as compared to the 2001 ASHRAE (American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers) building energy code standard. Full tax deduction is achieved with a 40% watts-per-square foot reduction compared to the ASHRAE 2001 standard. The ASHRAE 2004 hotel/motel building code standard requires 40% wattage reduction, which means that any hotel or motel lighting installation that meets that building code requirement will automatically qualify for the maximum EPAct tax deduction.

Occupancy Rooms

For most other building categories, the Section 179D tax provisions require compliance with the bi-level switching requirement. The comparison is always based on wired rather than plug-in lighting. Casino hotel occupancy rooms have a major advantage in that they often use plug-in lighting, and because these rooms function as hotel and motel spaces, they are specifically excluded from the tax bi-level switching requirement. Since occupant rooms are usually one of the larger spaces in hotel casinos, casinos are typically able to use energy efficient lighting to generate large EPAct tax deductions for the facility.

Back of the House Spaces

Casinos often have large kitchen, storage, and laundry (so called back of the house) spaces that have historically used T-12 fluorescent lighting. This lighting is so energy inefficient compared to today’s lighting products that it will be illegal to manufacture in the United States after July 1, 2010.4 Once manufacturing of these prior generation lighting products ceases, the cost of replacing these inefficient bulbs will increase. Simply stated, casinos should consider acting now to replace these lighting fixtures to save both energy and lamp replacement costs. The EPAct lighting tax incentive can be used to address the opportunities related to these legally mandated product changes

Ball Rooms, Banquet Rooms and Restaurants

These areas of casinos have historically used designer type lighting that is energy inefficient and often very expensive to maintain and replace. In particular, replacing bulbs and lamps in high ceilings is very costly since expensive mobile hydraulic platform equipment must be rented or purchased to handle the replacements. New lighting products and, in particular, light emitting diode (LED) products, use a fraction of the energy and have a much longer useful life and are now being substituted. The combination of large energy cost reduction, operating cost reductions, utility rebates and EPAct tax deductions can greatly improve the economic payback from these more costly lighting upgrades.

Parking Garages

Many casinos have large adjoining parking garages that can save substantial energy costs and generate large tax deductions by upgrading to energy efficient fixtures. In Notice 2008-40 issued March 7th, 2008, the IRS announced that parking garages are a property class that is specifically entitled to use the EPAct tax deductions. Also, parking garages are excluded from the tax bi-level switching requirement. Please see the September, 2008 International Parking Institute article devoted to parking garages EPAct lighting deduction tax opportunities.5

Slot Machines and Gaming Floors

One of the biggest energy users on hotel gaming floors is slot machines. Although these were early adapters of fluorescent technology, even these energy efficient bulbs normally have to be changed 3 times a year because of 24/7 operating hours. Due to the high labor maintenance costs, casino owners are now transitioning to LED technology in their slot machines. LED’s, while they have higher up front costs, have high energy efficiency and much longer life cycle, offering significant savings in labor and maintenance costs.

HVAC

Casinos because of their typical 24 hour occupancy can achieve significant energy cost savings from energy efficient HVAC systems. In particular, Nevada’s hot climate further makes energy efficient HVAC a very worthwhile investment. Fortunately. Nevada with the highest revenues from casinos has America’s second highest capacity for energy efficiency through renewable geothermal energy.6 Certain categories of very efficient HVAC investments will often qualify for the HVAC EPAct tax incentive including geothermal and thermal storage.

LEED Casinos

We expect to see more casinos obtain LEED status. (See LEED Building Tax Opportunities Article7). In 2008, The Palazzo, Las Vegas Casino became the largest LEED certified building and one of the first certified LEED casinos in the US.8 Casinos and hotels CricketTips  find that certain categories of frequent travelers are very interested in staying in facilities that have clearly demonstrated they are focused on the environment and sustainable design. To become LEED certified, a casino must have a building energy simulation model created by a qualified engineer. Modeling is also required for the EPAct, HVAC and Building Envelope tax deductions. Qualified tax experts that know how to make the adjustments to convert LEED computer models to EPAct tax deduction models can evaluate LEED models and determine whether large tax deductions are probable. For example, a 500,000 square foot LEED casino that qualifies for the maximum EPAct tax deduction will receive an immediate tax deduction of $900,000 =(500,000*$1.80). Casino owners who understand the magnitude of these benefits can use the tax savings to help justify the costs related to achieving LEED status.